Joint Groupwise Registration and ADC Estimation in the Liver using a B-Value Weighted Metric

TitleJoint Groupwise Registration and ADC Estimation in the Liver using a B-Value Weighted Metric
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSanz-Estébanez, S., I. Rabanillo-Viloria, J. Royuela-del-Val, S. Aja-Fernández, and C. Alberola-Lopez
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Start Page1
Date Published2018
Type of ArticleOriginal Contribution
KeywordsADC Estimation, Diffusion Weighted Imaging, Groupwise Registration, Joint Optimization, Residual Minimization Metric


The purpose of this work is to develop a groupwise elastic multimodal registration algorithm for robust ADC estimation in the liver on multiple breath hold diffusion weighted images.

We introduce a joint formulation to simultaneously solve both the registration and the estimation problems. In order to avoid non-reliable transformations and undesirable noise amplification, we have included appropriate smoothness constraints for both problems. Our metric incorporates the ADC estimation residuals, which are inversely weighted according to the signal content in each diffusion weighted image.

Results show that the joint formulation provides a statistically significant improvement in the accuracy of the ADC estimates. Reproducibility has also been measured on real data in terms of the distribution of ADC differences obtained from different b-values subsets. 

The proposed algorithm is able to effectively deal with both the presence of motion and the geometric distortions, increasing accuracy and reproducibility in diffusion parameters estimation.